Coalmining

 

 

 

 

Coalmining Methods

Introduction
Bringing Coal to the Surface -Coalbearers | Putting | Stair Pits | Horse Gins
Coalmining - Pillar and Stoop | Longwall

 

Coalworks and coalmining records

Cowpits
Cowpits Colliery Cheque Coal Bill, week ending 2 August 1806 - full accounts for that week listing about 54 colliers, payments to other workers and all other expenses.
Cowpitts Colliery Bounty Agreement 1809 (1) - Agreement to serve at Colliery for one year from 3rd July 1809. signed by 48 colliers and coalbearers.
Cowpitts Colliery Bounty Agreement 1809 (2) - A second agreement signed by another 14 colliers and coalbearers. Also another 19 names of colliers lent money (some also appear in first agreement).

Craighall
Craighall and Cowpitts Colliery Bounty Agreement 1806 - Agreement to serve at Sir John Hope's Collieries for one year from 3rd July 1806. signed by 135 colliers.
Craighall Colliery Cheque Coal Bill, week ending 10 March 1804
- full accounts for that week listing about 60 colliers, payments to other workers and all other expenses.

 

Dryden (Bilston)
Clerk v Ross 1771 - court case relating to bound colliers of Dryden Coalworks
Children's Employment Commission 1842 - Extracts of evidence collected by R.H.Franks at Dryden and Loanhead Collieries

Duddingston, Niddry, Edmonston, Woolmet
Duddingston, Niddry, Edmonston, Woolmet - notes on coal mining of the edge seams in the 1700s at these coalworks
The 'Sea Level' - drainage of the Duddingston, Niddry, Edmonston and Woolmet edge seams, by the sea level built by John Biggar of Woolmet

Edmonston
Edmonston Colliery 1760 - 'Coal Check-bill' 14th Jan 1760. Includes names of 86 colliers, amount of coal they produced, and pit they were working in.
Children's Employment Commission 1842 - Extracts of evidence collected by R.H.Franks at Dryden and Loanhead Collieries

Gilmerton
Gilmerton Coalworks - Notes on the Gilmerton Colliery including names of some coalgrieves, overseers and colliers
Gilmerton Coalworks Plan - plan of 1786 showing colliers and coalbearers
1823 Strike at Gilmerton Colliery - Papers relating to an 'illegal combination' and strike at Gilmerton coalworks, also a serious assault on George Pride a collier there.

 

Newcraighall
Children's Employment Commission 1842 - Extracts of evidence collected by R.H.Franks at Newcraighall Colliery

 

Sheriffhall
Sheriffhall Colliery Cheque Coal Bill, week ending 29 August 1812 - full accounts for that week listing 75 colliers, and payments to other workers and all other expenses.
Children's Employment Commission 1842 - Extracts of evidence collected by R.H.Franks at Sheriffhall and Somerside Collieries

 

Early law relating to colliers in Scotland

1606 Act of the Scottish Parliament 'Anent Coalyers and Salters' - the act of parliament leading to colliers and coalbearers being bound for life to coalworks

1775 Act of Parliament 'for altering, explaining, and amending several Acts of Parliament of Scotland, respecting Colliers, Coal-bearers, and Salters'. The Act which partially ended the system of bondage of Colliers in Scotland

1799 Act of Parliament 'to explain and amend the Laws relative to Colliers in that Part of Great Britain called Scotland'. Act which finally repealed all laws relating to binding and slavery of colliers and coal bearers.

 

Children's Employment Commission 1842

Extracts of evidence collected by R.H.Franks for the Children's Employment Commission 1842.
Dryden Colliery , Edmonstone Colliery , Loanhead Colliery, Newcraighall Colliery , Sheriffhall and Somerside Collieries

 

Other

Collier's Loft - Newton Parish Church

History of the loft including the Kirk Session minutes regarding the petition
Photos of the boards with names of colliers who petitioned the church.

 

Geology

Midlothian Coalfield - a very quick and simple guide

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